So, friends — today will be a great and interesting post about why in fact the Soviet Union collapsed. For me personally, all of these things are fairly obvious, but for lovers of the Soviet Union , they remain inaccessible — fans scoop invent all sorts of conspiracy theories about far-reaching plans for DULLES and the machinations of Otto von Bismarck. Apparently Bismarck died in 1898, and the USSR collapsed.
It’s interesting that Western countries and particularly the United States really does not want the collapse of the USSR — they wanted to Soviet ideology became less cannibalistic, and a President like Gorbachev — they are completely satisfied. They were afraid of the collapse of the Soviet Union because he feared for the fate of the vast Soviet army (only on the territory of Ukraine was a contingent of nearly a million military) and nuclear weapons — but the events of 1990-1991 had entered turbulence and already developed themselves. The USSR, by the way, disintegrated relatively peacefully, and all the dire predictions of the eminent Western Sovietologists did not materialize.
So, today’s post is an interesting story about why the Soviet Union collapsed, and important question. Come under kat, there interesting. Well, friends to add do not forget)
1. The collapse of the Soviet ideology.
I think no one will argue with the fact that somewhere in the early eighties Soviet ideology suffered final collapse. The same war in Afghanistan looked very strange and anachronistic — when the boys from prefabricated houses in the shoes, “Adidas” was going to die for the Bolshevik tales catalena ago.
Paradoxically sounds, but the collapse of the Soviet system was initially laid in its dogmatic mythology. As correctly noted by various researchers of the Soviet system, like Sam Harris, Karl Popper or Bertrand Russell, the Soviet system in the USSR had features of religion — there were “prophets” like Karl Marx, the “Messiah” like Lenin and their disciples”the apostles”. All people loyal to the system that was supposed to end up in the equivalent of “Paradise” — communism, the path to which you want to destroy a lot of enemies (“infidels”). The Soviet system had dogmas (which declared the only true point of view on certain events), to transgress which was considered a crime.
In 1920-30-ies, among the illiterate peasants and workers, such a system had the appearance of “scientific.” In addition, she reminded the religious dogmas and commandments to live by taught in pre-schools, so that there is no contradiction here did not arise. But to the 1960-70 years, a new generation with much wider horizons, which began to question the Soviet dogma. As a result of the Soviet ideology in the 1970s came the first jokes in the 1980s — for critical articles, and the year to 1985, nobody believed that there will be some kind of “communism”, where everything will be free.
Simply put — people realized that it was all fairy tales for the workers and peasants of the 1920s and stories about a future world where there will be free food and clothing.
2. Comparison with the standard of living in the West.
If 1940-50-ies almost all the information about life outside the USSR was inaccessible to most citizens, by the 1970s and 80s, with the rise of globalization and the spread of radio and television, information became more available, the opportunity to compare. In General intelligent and hard-working Soviet engineers, doctors, workers saw that their colleagues on the “decadent West” live much more decently, than they do in the USSR.
For example, an average worker in the US could afford a decent house with a furnished, private car and foreign travel, while the Soviet worker at best huddled with his family in shitty free panel “kopeck piece”, lived from paycheck to paycheck, and all of the entertainment was the only hockey on TV but the beer/vodka with friends.
In General, not least the collapse of the USSR affected by this exact comparison — “we built it, and built something”.
3. The adoption of universal values.
Actually, that is not written by the researchers of the collapse of the Soviet Union, but as for me — it was one of the main reasons for the collapse of the entire Soviet system.
If we analyze Soviet works of art 1920-1940-ies, it appears that most of them were full of Soviet pathos and thoroughly permeated by Soviet ideology, militancy and militarism. At the time I read the complete works of Arkady Gaidar (one of the Kuznetsov of the Soviet identity), so there’s no work — we and the Soviet military. Spies, armored trains, cavalry charges, guns, military secrets, etc. — the “fire in the snow the traces of the bourgeois hitting shelves in copper drum go to war from distant countries.”
However, 1970-80 years the situation has changed dramatically. No one except the elderly Stalin’s falcons has not written seriously about the train and “heroes of the civil war”, in culture began to rise other subjects, humanistic, and universal. The same famous Soviet cartoons 1970-80-x years really does not “Soviet”, because they with rare exception there is no word about Soviet ideology, and there are just stories that we all live in one big world and have similar desires and aspirations. Leopold, to be kind, you don’t have to join the party. Little Raccoon, ulybnulsya his reflection in the lake, does not have to be aware of who Lenin was, and drop-Kapitoshka in order to be happy, do not need to teach the tenets of Marxism-Leninism.
In General, more and more people began to look at the revolution of 1917 as something distant, ambiguous and not directly related to their lives.
4. The advent of the information society.
The Soviet dictatorship 1920-1950 kept in the information deficit. Citizens of the Soviet Union was, in fact, cut off from independent sources of information, and all world events learned from the pages of Soviet Newspapers and from the mouths of Soviet dogmatists, all who represented “in the light of Marxism-Leninism.”
However, over time this information blockade has become increasingly difficult to organize. Soviet citizens began to travel abroad and bring back the stories about how there really are things. Began to appear a variety of radio stations with non-Soviet interpretation of certain events in the world — which have become a powerful alternative dominionism the Soviet media. Added fuel to the fire and the concealment of the Soviet government the truth about repressions in 1930-50’s, about Chernobyl and the war in Afghanistan — the disclosure of the true numbers and statistics about these events produced a bombshell.
In fact, the advent of information society, where everyone has the right to freely receive, rasprstranenie and interpretation of particular information, and was one of the main reasons for the collapse of the USSR. The Communist party with its “correct” interpretation of events was ludicrous atavism.
Here’s a list I came up with.
And why do you think it broke up the USSR? Write in the comments, interesting)